Phungula: Circles. 

Dublin Core

Title

Phungula: Circles. 

Subject

Bassoon

Music Resource Item Type Metadata

Composer

Phungula, Njabulo (b. 1993) 

Gender

Male

Work

Circles. 

Duration

14 minutes 

Description

Composed in 2018 and revised in 2019, this piece was commissioned by Midori Samson as part of a project to promote bassoon music by African composers. The music is atonal, with many short gestures and pointillistic elements. It is moderately challenging because of the many extended techniques required, including pitch-bending, vibrato manipulation, flutter tonguing, tongue slaps, microtones, glissandi, tremolos, and multiphonics. The low and middle registers are employed almost exclusively, although B4 is encountered once. The music was inspired by an essay with the same name by Ralph Waldo Emerson. 

Date Range of Work

2018

Citation

“Phungula: Circles. ,” Appalachian State University, accessed December 4, 2020, http://facultyprojects.library.appstate.edu/items/show/2737.